Sweden is building the world's first permanent e-motorway
Sweden is building the world's first permanent electrified road for electric vehicles (EVs) to charge while driving. The road will be built on the E20 motorway, between Hallsberg and Örebro, which runs between Stockholm in the north, through Gothenburg, to Malmö in the south.
The road will be 21 km (13 miles) long and is expected to be completed in 2025. The electrified road is being built by Swedish transport administration Trafikverket, which is currently working on procuring a contractor for the project. Trafikverket has not yet chosen its charging technology for the project.
Sweden has already piloted four temporary electrified roads, including in the city of Lund in southern Sweden. On a temporary 2 km (1.2 mile) stretch of road in Gävle, central Sweden, overhead electric lines were used to allow heavy vehicles to recharge. The permanent electrified road will enable EVs to recharge while driving, allowing them to travel longer distances with smaller batteries and avoid waiting at charging stations. Experts suggest that a combination of electric roads on 25% of the busiest national and European roads and EV home charging would be optimal for the transition to EVs.
The electrified road may lead to an expansion of a further 3,000 km (1,864 miles) of electric roads in Sweden by 2035. Sweden plans to have a further 1,900 miles of electric road laid by 2045. Other countries such as France, Italy, the UK, and the US are also looking into building electric roads. The EU passed a landmark law last month requiring all new cars sold to have zero CO2 emissions from 2035, and European countries are rushing to prepare the infrastructure needed for fossil fuel-free mobility.
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